By default we will issue 1 static IP address per premises. We expect many users to install a gateway/router/firewall/WiFi hub on the end of the line and that will handle additional internal address allocations and use NAT to share the single address.If the user is taking VoIP services connected directly to our CPE switch then an additional IP address will be allocated for that. However we have no problem with allocating additional addresses or blocks of addresses if required so long as the end user knows what to do with them and makes a case to us. We have to justify our address blocks to...Read More
There are various references to registering as a Telco, applying to OFCOM for Code Powers and various other legalistic hurdles carrying a budget of £30K. Are there any doubts that any of this can halt or delay the project or run away with wildly greater charges?
No, the process is well understood. There is a two stage process, firstly applying for a CUPID code which effectively identifies B4RN as a communications provider (CP). Once B4RN is registered as a CP, BT and other CPs have to deal with B4RN on an equal footing and B4RN can access regulated services such as PIA and LLU. To get a CUPID code, there must be a credible business plan showing the intention to run a PECN (Public Electronic Communications Network) and there is a one page form from Ofcom to complete. There is no cost associated with the process. Code Powers – once again, a...Read More
Is your house?! Is your existing internet connection? If you have confidential data, then you should seriously consider encryption. Nothing unencrypted that goes on the Internet is ever 100% safe because it needs to pass through multiple servers to reach a destination, and each represents a potential security weakness without encryption.Read More
Being realistic, the Internet leaks like a sieve and the number of instances of accounts getting hacked seem to be as high with government departments and banks as it does with services like GMAIL. If you are concerned about security, you should use encryption methods such as PGP (Pretty Good Privacy). One interesting model that can be adopted is for the customer to opt into one of the high security service providers by using a VPN across the internet into their network. Depending on who logs onto your computer you could use VPN technology to put them inside a cloud with suitable locks and...Read More
Well, we could offer other ISPs access via the B4RN network in the same way that BT Openreach does. However, we would not want to put into place such complex systems as BT uses as the costs are very high. Standards are emerging that use VLAN technology to link customers to providers over networks like ours. We would be happy to go along with this. However we would still have to charge them the same as we are charging the end user as that is what we need to be sustainable. So your ISP would have to add his overheads to our charges and bill you more than we would but what extra would you gain?Read More
The way forward with video is to use Video over Internet. As you know, all new TVs sold today, or nearly all, are labelled as internet connected. They can take video streams across the internet from the content providers without a set top box in between. If you use Sky or FreeSat or Apple TV you are simply putting a set top box between the radio side and your TV. There is a new service emerging called YouView which will enable all the existing terrestrial and satellite channels to be delivered to you over an Internet link. This is supported by the BBC, ITV, CH4, CH5, BSkyB, Virgin and all...Read More
Above the connectivity layer there is some debate about whether B4RN should get involved with providing services. Most of the stuff you want is better sourced from the providers direct. People like Virgin are really in the business of selling you content, the connectivity is simply a means to an end. If they could dump the network onto someone else they would, they have been trying to find a way for years but no one will take over the cable end for them as that difficult to make money from. Content makes you money.Read More
I’ve had this debate with numerous people at conferences for some time and the consensus is that ISPs as anything other than connectivity providers are a threatened species whose days are numbered. The only reason they exist at all is that the vast majority of Internet connections come via BT’s network. Out of 5500 telephone exchanges in the UK around 3500 have no one but BT with equipment in them. The other 2000 have companies like TalkTalk, Sky, O2 and similar local loop unbundlers (LLU) in them who have their own equipment installed alongside BTs. However, to offer a national service...Read More
Definition of what an ISP is: Technically it stands for Internet Service Provider i.e. some organisation which provides you with connectivity to the Internet. B4RN is going to be an ISP in that sense. We will provide you with an IP address and the rest of the techie things you need to get online. What else does an ISP do? Well, strictly speaking nothing. Once you are online you access a range of services that are hosted within the Internet and your ISP may offer some of those services as well in competition to all the other providers who are not your ISP but have services you do want to...Read More
Do you have plans on how to deal with new properties being built and adding these on to the network?
Because most of our area is in an AONB we don’t expect large scale building but there will be some conversions and splitting bigger properties into multiple dwellings. We have of course allowed for every building that exists at the moment whether they sign up for connection or not. All trunk routes have at least 10% spare fibres which can be brought into use as necessary. If there was a need for a lot of new connections, for instance a new small estate, we would simply create a new local node which could do up to 192 properties or even multiple nodes. The spurs use 7mm duct which we blow 2...Read More
How will my Sky service work without a phone line? Am I correct in thinking that a landline is necessary to receive SKY TV?
The “landline” bit is a red herring, you need a phone line that has a socket type connection like BT’s or B4RN’s which is not available on a mobile phone hence the “landline” tag. Yes you need a phone line to be able to access the Sky services BUT it can be a B4RN phone line not a BT one. That will work in exactly the same way with a B4RN system. There is a small box that has one or two phone sockets on it. You plug your sky lead into one of the sockets and then plug your phone into the empty socket on the Sky cable. A B4RN VoIP line will look exactly the same to Sky as a BT...Read More
When we start our own voip service we will supply a one hour electricity backup in your home, and generators in the hubs, so yes you can, if you choose to, dispense with your phone line. In the interim people are either using their mobiles because they only needed their landlines for the old broadband, or if they do require a landline number they can use any VoIP provider. Many have chosen Vonage, and this costs £7 a month with all your calls free. The activation fee is waived for B4RN customers, so all you pay for is £5 delivery of the little box you plug your phone into. You no longer...Read More